Libraries

Play Youtube Video in ExoPlayer

In this article, I will tell you how to play youtube video in ExoPlayer in Android. In previous tutorials, We were learned video streaming from the server using ExoPlayer. If you wish to read the previous article Go Here. I assuming you have basic understanding of ExoPlayer.

How to play Youtube video inside the ExoPlayer in Android. I will demonstrate step by step

1. Let’s create a new project in Android Studio.

Add dependency in Project build.gradle
allprojects {
    repositories {
        google()
        jcenter()
        /**
         * Add dependency in Project build.gradle
         */
        maven { url "https://jitpack.io" }
    }
}
Add dependency in app build.gradle
   // For youtube Url Extractor
    implementation 'com.github.HaarigerHarald:android-youtubeExtractor:v1.7.0'
    // ExoPlayer
    implementation 'com.google.android.exoplayer:exoplayer:2.7.3'

2. Prepare ExoPlayerManager Singleton

In my previous tutorials wrote ExoPlayer instance inside each activity (not a good practice). In case if we need more than one ExoPlayerView in the app, we have to write code in each activity, as per programming standard it’s not a good practice.

Therefore, I’m going to write ExoPlayerManager utility class. In other words, I creating a singleton class for managing ExoPlayer instance.

2.1 Create a CallBacks for observing ExoPlayer state
package com.androidwave.youtubeexoplayer;

public interface CallBacks {

    void callbackObserver(Object obj);

    public interface playerCallBack {
        void onItemClickOnItem(Integer albumId);

        void onPlayingEnd();
    }
}

3. Furthermore, create a singleton class with ExoPlayerManager.java name

As per singleton design pattern constructor should be private

 /**
     * declare some usable variable
     */
    private static final DefaultBandwidthMeter BANDWIDTH_METER = new DefaultBandwidthMeter();
    private static final String TAG = "ExoPlayerManager";
    private static ExoPlayerManager mInstance = null;
    PlayerView mPlayerView;
    DefaultDataSourceFactory dataSourceFactory;
    String uriString = "";
    ArrayList<String> mPlayList = null;
    Integer playlistIndex = 0;
    CallBacks.playerCallBack listner;
    private SimpleExoPlayer mPlayer;

 /**
     * Return ExoPlayerManager instance
     * @param mContext
     * @return
     */
    public static ExoPlayerManager getSharedInstance(Context mContext) {
        if (mInstance == null) {
            mInstance = new ExoPlayerManager(mContext);
        }
        return mInstance;
    }
 /**
     * private constructor
     * @param mContext
     */
    private ExoPlayerManager(Context mContext) {

        TrackSelection.Factory videoTrackSelectionFactory = new AdaptiveTrackSelection.Factory(BANDWIDTH_METER);
        TrackSelector trackSelector = new DefaultTrackSelector(videoTrackSelectionFactory);
        mPlayer = ExoPlayerFactory.newSimpleInstance(mContext, trackSelector);

        mPlayerView = new PlayerView(mContext);
        mPlayerView.setUseController(true);
        mPlayerView.requestFocus();
        mPlayerView.setPlayer(mPlayer);

        Uri mp4VideoUri = Uri.parse(uriString);

        dataSourceFactory = new DefaultDataSourceFactory(mContext, Util.getUserAgent(mContext, "androidwave"), BANDWIDTH_METER);

        final MediaSource videoSource = new ExtractorMediaSource.Factory(dataSourceFactory)
                .createMediaSource(mp4VideoUri);

        mPlayer.prepare(videoSource);
        mPlayer.addListener(new Player.EventListener() {
            @Override
            public void onTimelineChanged(Timeline timeline, Object manifest, int reason) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onTimelineChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onTracksChanged(TrackGroupArray trackGroups, TrackSelectionArray trackSelections) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onTracksChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onLoadingChanged(boolean isLoading) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onLoadingChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPlayerStateChanged(boolean playWhenReady, int playbackState) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPlayerStateChanged: ");
                if (playbackState == 4 &amp;&amp; mPlayList != null &amp;&amp; playlistIndex + 1 < mPlayList.size()) {
                    Log.e(TAG, "Song Changed...");

                    playlistIndex++;
                    listner.onItemClickOnItem(playlistIndex);
                    playStream(mPlayList.get(playlistIndex));
                } else if (playbackState == 4 &amp;&amp; mPlayList != null &amp;&amp; playlistIndex + 1 == mPlayList.size()) {
                    mPlayer.setPlayWhenReady(false);
                }
                if (playbackState == 4 &amp;&amp; listner != null) {
                    listner.onPlayingEnd();
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void onRepeatModeChanged(int repeatMode) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onRepeatModeChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onShuffleModeEnabledChanged(boolean shuffleModeEnabled) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onShuffleModeEnabledChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPlayerError(ExoPlaybackException error) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPlayerError: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPositionDiscontinuity(int reason) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPositionDiscontinuity: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPlaybackParametersChanged(PlaybackParameters playbackParameters) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPlaybackParametersChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onSeekProcessed() {
                Log.i(TAG, "onSeekProcessed: ");
            }
        });
    }

After define some method complete code will seems like below class

package com.androidwave.youtubeexoplayer;

import android.content.Context;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.util.Log;

import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ExoPlaybackException;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ExoPlayerFactory;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.PlaybackParameters;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.Player;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.SimpleExoPlayer;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.Timeline;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.extractor.DefaultExtractorsFactory;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.ExtractorMediaSource;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.MediaSource;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.TrackGroupArray;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.hls.HlsMediaSource;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.AdaptiveTrackSelection;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.DefaultTrackSelector;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.TrackSelection;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.TrackSelectionArray;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.TrackSelector;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ui.PlayerView;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.DefaultBandwidthMeter;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.DefaultDataSourceFactory;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.util.Util;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class ExoPlayerManager {

    /**
     * declare some usable variable
     */
    private static final DefaultBandwidthMeter BANDWIDTH_METER = new DefaultBandwidthMeter();
    private static final String TAG = "ExoPlayerManager";
    private static ExoPlayerManager mInstance = null;
    PlayerView mPlayerView;
    DefaultDataSourceFactory dataSourceFactory;
    String uriString = "";
    ArrayList<String> mPlayList = null;
    Integer playlistIndex = 0;
    CallBacks.playerCallBack listner;
    private SimpleExoPlayer mPlayer;

    /**
     * private constructor
     * @param mContext
     */
    private ExoPlayerManager(Context mContext) {

        TrackSelection.Factory videoTrackSelectionFactory = new AdaptiveTrackSelection.Factory(BANDWIDTH_METER);
        TrackSelector trackSelector = new DefaultTrackSelector(videoTrackSelectionFactory);
        mPlayer = ExoPlayerFactory.newSimpleInstance(mContext, trackSelector);

        mPlayerView = new PlayerView(mContext);
        mPlayerView.setUseController(true);
        mPlayerView.requestFocus();
        mPlayerView.setPlayer(mPlayer);

        Uri mp4VideoUri = Uri.parse(uriString);

        dataSourceFactory = new DefaultDataSourceFactory(mContext, Util.getUserAgent(mContext, "androidwave"), BANDWIDTH_METER);

        final MediaSource videoSource = new ExtractorMediaSource.Factory(dataSourceFactory)
                .createMediaSource(mp4VideoUri);

        mPlayer.prepare(videoSource);
        mPlayer.addListener(new Player.EventListener() {
            @Override
            public void onTimelineChanged(Timeline timeline, Object manifest, int reason) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onTimelineChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onTracksChanged(TrackGroupArray trackGroups, TrackSelectionArray trackSelections) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onTracksChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onLoadingChanged(boolean isLoading) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onLoadingChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPlayerStateChanged(boolean playWhenReady, int playbackState) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPlayerStateChanged: ");
                if (playbackState == 4 &amp;&amp; mPlayList != null &amp;&amp; playlistIndex + 1 < mPlayList.size()) {
                    Log.e(TAG, "Song Changed...");

                    playlistIndex++;
                    listner.onItemClickOnItem(playlistIndex);
                    playStream(mPlayList.get(playlistIndex));
                } else if (playbackState == 4 &amp;&amp; mPlayList != null &amp;&amp; playlistIndex + 1 == mPlayList.size()) {
                    mPlayer.setPlayWhenReady(false);
                }
                if (playbackState == 4 &amp;&amp; listner != null) {
                    listner.onPlayingEnd();
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void onRepeatModeChanged(int repeatMode) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onRepeatModeChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onShuffleModeEnabledChanged(boolean shuffleModeEnabled) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onShuffleModeEnabledChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPlayerError(ExoPlaybackException error) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPlayerError: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPositionDiscontinuity(int reason) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPositionDiscontinuity: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onPlaybackParametersChanged(PlaybackParameters playbackParameters) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPlaybackParametersChanged: ");
            }

            @Override
            public void onSeekProcessed() {
                Log.i(TAG, "onSeekProcessed: ");
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * Return ExoPlayerManager instance
     * @param mContext
     * @return
     */
    public static ExoPlayerManager getSharedInstance(Context mContext) {
        if (mInstance == null) {
            mInstance = new ExoPlayerManager(mContext);
        }
        return mInstance;
    }


    public void setPlayerListener(CallBacks.playerCallBack mPlayerCallBack) {
        listner = mPlayerCallBack;
    }

    public PlayerView getPlayerView() {
        return mPlayerView;
    }

    public void playStream(String urlToPlay) {
        uriString = urlToPlay;
        Uri mp4VideoUri = Uri.parse(uriString);
        MediaSource videoSource;
        String filenameArray[] = urlToPlay.split("\\.");
        if (uriString.toUpperCase().contains("M3U8")) {
            videoSource = new HlsMediaSource(mp4VideoUri, dataSourceFactory, null, null);
        } else {
            mp4VideoUri = Uri.parse(urlToPlay);
            videoSource = new ExtractorMediaSource(mp4VideoUri, dataSourceFactory, new DefaultExtractorsFactory(),
                    null, null);
        }


        // Prepare the player with the source.
        mPlayer.prepare(videoSource);
        mPlayer.setPlayWhenReady(true);

    }

    public void setPlayerVolume(float vol) {
        mPlayer.setVolume(vol);
    }

    public void setUriString(String uri) {
        uriString = uri;
    }

    public void setPlaylist(ArrayList<String> uriArrayList, Integer index, CallBacks.playerCallBack callBack) {
        mPlayList = uriArrayList;
        playlistIndex = index;
        listner = callBack;
        playStream(mPlayList.get(playlistIndex));
    }


    public void playerPlaySwitch() {
        if (uriString != "") {
            mPlayer.setPlayWhenReady(!mPlayer.getPlayWhenReady());
        }
    }

    public void stopPlayer(boolean state) {
        mPlayer.setPlayWhenReady(!state);
    }

    public void destroyPlayer() {
        mPlayer.stop();
    }

    public Boolean isPlayerPlaying() {
        return mPlayer.getPlayWhenReady();
    }

    public ArrayList<String> readURLs(String url) {
        if (url == null) return null;
        ArrayList<String> allURls = new ArrayList<String>();
        try {

            URL urls = new URL(url);
            BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(urls
                    .openStream()));
            String str;
            while ((str = in.readLine()) != null) {
                allURls.add(str);
            }
            in.close();
            return allURls;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }
    }

}

4. How to use ExoPlayerManager inside App?

Now we prepared ExoPlayer Manager, You are thinking how will I use this manager in our app. don’t worry I’m here will explain with an example.

4.1 Let’s create a activity.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <com.google.android.exoplayer2.ui.PlayerView
        android:id="@+id/mPlayerView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:background="#A6000000"
        app:controller_layout_id="@layout/exo_playback_control_view"
        app:player_layout_id="@layout/exo_simple_player_view"
        app:repeat_toggle_modes="none"
        app:show_timeout="45000"
        app:resize_mode="fixed_height"
        app:surface_type="texture_view" />

</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>
4.2Create a exo_playback_control_view.xml for ExoPlayer playback controller
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="44dp"
    android:layout_gravity="bottom"
    android:background="#A6000000"
    android:layoutDirection="ltr"
    android:orientation="vertical">
    <!--    android:background="#11000000"-->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:gravity="center_vertical"
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
        android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin">

        <ImageButton
            android:id="@id/exo_play"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:background="@android:color/transparent"
            app:srcCompat="@android:drawable/ic_media_play" />

        <ImageButton
            android:id="@id/exo_pause"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:background="@android:color/transparent"
            app:srcCompat="@android:drawable/ic_media_pause" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@id/exo_position"
            android:layout_width="45dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:includeFontPadding="false"
            android:letterSpacing="-0.02"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"
            android:textSize="12sp"
            tools:text="23:09" />


        <com.google.android.exoplayer2.ui.DefaultTimeBar
            android:id="@id/exo_progress"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginLeft="8dp"
            app:bar_height="8dp"
            app:buffered_color="#4Dd8d8d8"
            app:played_color="@color/white"
            app:scrubber_color="@color/white"
            app:unplayed_color="#4Dd8d8d8" />

    </LinearLayout>


</LinearLayout>

5. Let’s extract video url from Youtube YouTubeExtractor

   private void extractYoutubeUrl() {
        @SuppressLint("StaticFieldLeak") YouTubeExtractor mExtractor = new YouTubeExtractor(this) {
            @Override
            protected void onExtractionComplete(SparseArray<YtFile> sparseArray, VideoMeta videoMeta) {
                if (sparseArray != null) {
                    playVideo(sparseArray.get(17).getUrl());
                }
            }
        };
        mExtractor.extract(mYoutubeLink, true, true);
    }

6. After that, set url with ExoPlayer for streaming

  private void playVideo(String downloadUrl) {
        PlayerView mPlayerView = findViewById(R.id.mPlayerView);
        mPlayerView.setPlayer(ExoPlayerManager.getSharedInstance(MainActivity.this).getPlayerView().getPlayer());
        ExoPlayerManager.getSharedInstance(MainActivity.this).playStream(downloadUrl);
    }

7. Finally, MainActivity.java code is

package com.androidwave.youtubeexoplayer;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.SparseArray;

import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ui.PlayerView;

import at.huber.youtubeExtractor.VideoMeta;
import at.huber.youtubeExtractor.YouTubeExtractor;
import at.huber.youtubeExtractor.YtFile;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    // Replace video id with your video Id
    private String YOUTUBE_VIDEO_ID = "uZnWUZW1hQo";
    private String BASE_URL = "https://www.youtube.com";
    private String mYoutubeLink = BASE_URL + "/watch?v=" + YOUTUBE_VIDEO_ID;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        extractYoutubeUrl();
    }

    private void extractYoutubeUrl() {
        @SuppressLint("StaticFieldLeak") YouTubeExtractor mExtractor = new YouTubeExtractor(this) {
            @Override
            protected void onExtractionComplete(SparseArray<YtFile> sparseArray, VideoMeta videoMeta) {
                if (sparseArray != null) {
                    playVideo(sparseArray.get(17).getUrl());
                }
            }
        };
        mExtractor.extract(mYoutubeLink, true, true);
    }

    private void playVideo(String downloadUrl) {
        PlayerView mPlayerView = findViewById(R.id.mPlayerView);
        mPlayerView.setPlayer(ExoPlayerManager.getSharedInstance(MainActivity.this).getPlayerView().getPlayer());
        ExoPlayerManager.getSharedInstance(MainActivity.this).playStream(downloadUrl);
    }

}

Conclusion

Now you are done, your project is ready to run, that way you can easily play youtube video in ExoPlayer

Download Project- Play Youtube Video in ExoPlayer

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Yazeed
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Yazeed

Thank you so much for this tutorial, but why I get an error when trying to play YouTube live streams !? is there a certain modification should be done on the code to allow it to retrieve YouTube live stream ?

this is my logcat

java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method ‘java.lang.String at.huber.youtubeExtractor.YtFile.getUrl()’ on a null object reference

keetty
Guest
keetty

you need to add next permission in your manifest file

Bima
Guest
Bima

What the permission? to adding in manifest

keetty
Guest
keetty

you need to add next permission in manifest file

it solved my issue

Vasudev vyas
Guest
Vasudev vyas

Not helped…. show error java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method ‘java.lang.String at.huber.youtubeExtractor.YtFile.getUrl()’

Which Permission we have to add?

Waqas Khan
Guest
Waqas Khan

How can I pass this dynamically and not sticking to 17

if (sparseArray != null) {
playVideo(sparseArray.get(17).getUrl());
}
As I would like to play adaptive.

wissal
Guest
wissal

I have the same warning, please can you give me the solution

Chirag
Guest

APP crashing after install PROVIDED – APK

Morris
Guest
Morris

I will look into

Maomy
Guest
Maomy

I want to know why use 22 instead of 17?
I tested on another link, neither 17 nor 22 work

AMIT MALHOTRA
Guest
AMIT MALHOTRA

i have same question , why use 17 or 22 ? Can’t we make it dynamic instead of hardcoding ?