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We demonstrate Video Streaming from the server using the ExoPlayer. ExoPlayer is used in Youtube app as well. Read the full article for details

ExoPlayer is an open-source project. This is not a part of Android SDK. In Android, Exo player is application level media player. ExoPlayer’s standard audio and video components are built on Android’s MediaCodec API, which was released in Android.

ExoPlayer is easy to use, maintainable and fully customize.

Lets Demonstrate Exo player

1. Go to file menu create a new project.

2. After that add below dependency in build.gradle.

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    implementation 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:28.0.0'
    implementation 'com.android.support.constraint:constraint-layout:1.1.3'
    implementation 'com.android.support:design:28.0.0'
    testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test:runner:1.0.2'
    androidTestImplementation 'com.android.support.test.espresso:espresso-core:3.0.2'
    // add exo player dependency here
    implementation 'com.google.android.exoplayer:exoplayer:2.7.3'
    implementation 'org.jsoup:jsoup:1.10.3'

    // code generator for view
    implementation "com.jakewharton:butterknife:8.8.1"
    annotationProcessor "com.jakewharton:butterknife-compiler:8.8.1"
}

In the gradle.xml file, We have 2 major dependencies. One for ExoPlayer and second as know about ButterKnife already. Basically, butterknife is injected of view in the java file.

3. Create a layout activity_main.xml and add two Button like below code.

<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="@drawable/bg_design"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/buttonPlayUrlVideo"
        android:layout_width="200dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginBottom="8dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:background="@color/colorAccent"
        android:text="@string/title_play_url"
        android:textColor="@color/white"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="0.5"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/buttonPlayDefaultVideo" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/buttonPlayDefaultVideo"
        android:layout_width="200dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:background="@color/colorAccent"
        android:text="@string/title_play_default_url"
        android:textColor="@color/white"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toTopOf="@+id/buttonPlayUrlVideo"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="0.5"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_chainStyle="packed" />
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

As per design, we have created two buttons one for play default video. The second user can put own URL in dialog prompt.

4.1 Now connect this layout with MainActivity.java

In the main activity, we generate view inject code by using ButterKnief injection and set on click listeners.

    @BindView(R.id.buttonPlayUrlVideo)
    Button buttonPlayUrlVideo;
    @BindView(R.id.buttonPlayDefaultVideo)
    Button buttonPlayDefaultVideo;


    @OnClick({R.id.buttonPlayUrlVideo, R.id.buttonPlayDefaultVideo})
    public void onViewClicked(View view) {
        switch (view.getId()) {
            case R.id.buttonPlayUrlVideo:
        
                break;
            case R.id.buttonPlayDefaultVideo:
           
                startActivity(mIntent);
                break;
        }
    }
4.2. Let’s bind butter knife in onCreate Activity
  @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);
    }

4.3. -As per above, We are using two buttons. So If you want to play a default video then we call intent with default URL of ExoPlayer activity.
like Below

      Intent mIntent = ExoPlayerActivity.getStartIntent(this, VideoPlayerConfig.DEFAULT_VIDEO_URL);
                startActivity(mIntent);

4.3. – Button for playing own video by entering video URL. So taking user url we have created alert dialog with edit text.

  LayoutInflater li = LayoutInflater.from(this);
        View promptsView = li.inflate(R.layout.dialog_prompts, null);
        AlertDialog.Builder mBuilder = new AlertDialog.Builder( this);
        // set dialog_prompts.xml to dialog
        mBuilder.setView(promptsView);
        final EditText userInputURL = (EditText) promptsView
                .findViewById(R.id.editTextDialogUrlInput);
        // set dialog message here
        mBuilder.setCancelable(false)
                .setPositiveButton("OK",
                        new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int id) {
                                boolean isURL = 
                                Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(userInputURL.getText().toString().trim()).matches();
                                if (isURL) {
                                    Intent mIntent = ExoPlayerActivity.getStartIntent(MainActivity.this, 
                                    userInputURL.getText().toString().trim());
                                    startActivity(mIntent);
                                } else {
                                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, 
                                    getString(R.string.error_message_url_not_valid), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                                }
                            }
                        })
                .setNegativeButton("Cancel",
                        new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int id) {
                                dialog.cancel();
                            }
                        }).create().show();

5. Now MainActivity.java full code seems like below

package com.androidwave.exoplayer;

import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.util.Patterns;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

import butterknife.BindView;
import butterknife.ButterKnife;
import butterknife.OnClick;


public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @BindView(R.id.buttonPlayUrlVideo)
    Button buttonPlayUrlVideo;
    @BindView(R.id.buttonPlayDefaultVideo)
    Button buttonPlayDefaultVideo;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        getSupportActionBar().hide();
        ButterKnife.bind(this);
    }

    @OnClick({R.id.buttonPlayUrlVideo, R.id.buttonPlayDefaultVideo})
    public void onViewClicked(View view) {
        switch (view.getId()) {
            case R.id.buttonPlayUrlVideo:
                showDialogPrompt();
                break;
            case R.id.buttonPlayDefaultVideo:
                Intent mIntent = ExoPlayerActivity.getStartIntent(this, VideoPlayerConfig.DEFAULT_VIDEO_URL);
                startActivity(mIntent);
                break;
        }
    }

   private void showDialogPrompt() {
        // get dialog_prompts.xml view
        LayoutInflater li = LayoutInflater.from(this);
        View promptsView = li.inflate(R.layout.dialog_prompts, null);
        AlertDialog.Builder mBuilder = new AlertDialog.Builder( this);
        // set dialog_prompts.xml to dialog
        mBuilder.setView(promptsView);
        final EditText userInputURL = (EditText) promptsView
                .findViewById(R.id.editTextDialogUrlInput);
        // set dialog message here
        mBuilder.setCancelable(false)
                .setPositiveButton("OK",
                        new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int id) {
                                boolean isURL = 
                               Patterns.WEB_URL.matcher(userInputURL.getText().toString().trim()).matches();
                                if (isURL) {
                                    Intent mIntent = ExoPlayerActivity.getStartIntent(MainActivity.this, 
                                    userInputURL.getText().toString().trim());
                                    startActivity(mIntent);
                                } else {
                                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, 
                                    getString(R.string.error_message_url_not_valid), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                                }
                            }
                        })
                .setNegativeButton("Cancel",
                        new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int id) {
                                dialog.cancel();
                            }
                        }).create().show();
    }
}

6. Configure ExoPlayer

Before going to Exo Player activity we define followings configuration of ExoPlayer.
MIN_BUFFER_DURATION – Minimum Video you want to buffer while Playing. for now, I have set 3 second
MAX_BUFFER_DURATION – You can set Max Video you want to buffer during PlayBack.
MIN_PLAYBACK_START_BUFFER – Set Min Video you want to buffer before start Playing it
MIN_PLAYBACK_RESUME_BUFFER – Set Min video You want to buffer when the user resumes video
DEFAULT_VIDEO_URL- Set Default video url for demo

package com.androidwave.exoplayer;

public class VideoPlayerConfig {
 
    public static final int MIN_BUFFER_DURATION = 3000;
    public static final int MAX_BUFFER_DURATION = 5000;
    public static final int MIN_PLAYBACK_START_BUFFER = 1500;
    public static final int MIN_PLAYBACK_RESUME_BUFFER = 5000;

    public static final String DEFAULT_VIDEO_URL = "https://androidwave.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/exo-player-androidwave-com-match-highlight.mp4";
}

7. Desgin an activity_exo_player.xml View with few component e.g. Progressbar(buffering indicator), ExoPlayer View

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".ExoPlayerActivity">

    <com.google.android.exoplayer2.ui.PlayerView
        android:id="@+id/videoFullScreenPlayer"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:background="#A6000000"
        app:controller_layout_id="@layout/exo_playback_control_view"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="1.0"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintVertical_bias="1.0"
        app:player_layout_id="@layout/exo_simple_player_view"
        app:repeat_toggle_modes="none"
        app:show_timeout="45000"
        app:surface_type="texture_view" />

    <ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/spinnerVideoDetails"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:layout_marginBottom="8dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:indeterminate="true"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageViewExit"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="16dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:padding="@dimen/default_item_padding"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_cross_circular_button_outline"
        android:layout_marginLeft="16dp" />
</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

8.Create ExoPlayerActivity.Java

Go to create an Activity and set content layout is activity_exo_player. Furthermore generates ButteKnief Injection by select set ContentView and right click and click generate. Now one popup appeared select view and set ids and click ok.


    @BindView(R.id.videoFullScreenPlayer)
    PlayerView videoFullScreenPlayer;
    @BindView(R.id.spinnerVideoDetails)
    ProgressBar spinnerVideoDetails;
    @BindView(R.id.imageViewExit)
    ImageView imageViewExit;


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_exo_player);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);

   }
8.1. Define some variable and do some fullscreen configration
    String videoUri;
    SimpleExoPlayer player;
    Handler mHandler;
    Runnable mRunnable;

        requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
        this.getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN, 
        WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_exo_player);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);
        getSupportActionBar().hide();
8.2. We are using vector icon so enable
AppCompatDelegate.setCompatVectorFromResourcesEnabled(true);
8.3. Now Inilized video with configration
  private void initializePlayer() {
        if (player == null) {
            // 1. Create a default TrackSelector
            LoadControl loadControl = new DefaultLoadControl(
                    new DefaultAllocator(true, 16),
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MIN_BUFFER_DURATION,
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MAX_BUFFER_DURATION,
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MIN_PLAYBACK_START_BUFFER,
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MIN_PLAYBACK_RESUME_BUFFER, -1, true);

            BandwidthMeter bandwidthMeter = new DefaultBandwidthMeter();
            TrackSelection.Factory videoTrackSelectionFactory =
                    new AdaptiveTrackSelection.Factory(bandwidthMeter);
            TrackSelector trackSelector =
                    new DefaultTrackSelector(videoTrackSelectionFactory);
            // 2. Create the player
            player = ExoPlayerFactory.newSimpleInstance(new DefaultRenderersFactory(this), trackSelector, loadControl);
            videoFullScreenPlayer.setPlayer(player);
        }


    }
8.3. After inilizaing player create a media source using below methods
 private void buildMediaSource(Uri mUri) {
        // Measures bandwidth during playback. Can be null if not required.
        DefaultBandwidthMeter bandwidthMeter = new DefaultBandwidthMeter();
        // Produces DataSource instances through which media data is loaded.
        DataSource.Factory dataSourceFactory = new DefaultDataSourceFactory(this,
                Util.getUserAgent(this, getString(R.string.app_name)), bandwidthMeter);
        // This is the MediaSource representing the media to be played.
        MediaSource videoSource = new ExtractorMediaSource.Factory(dataSourceFactory)
                .createMediaSource(mUri);
        // Prepare the player with the source.
        player.prepare(videoSource);
        player.setPlayWhenReady(true);
        player.addListener(this);
    }
8.4.Implement Player.EventListener and We Check player state in below methods
 @Override
    public void onPlayerStateChanged(boolean playWhenReady, int playbackState) {
        switch (playbackState) {

            case Player.STATE_BUFFERING:
                spinnerVideoDetails.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                break;
            case Player.STATE_ENDED:
                // Activate the force enable
                break;
            case Player.STATE_IDLE:

                break;
            case Player.STATE_READY:
                spinnerVideoDetails.setVisibility(View.GONE);

                break;
            default:
                // status = PlaybackStatus.IDLE;
                break;
        }
    }

9. Finally full activity code seems like this

package com.androidwave.exoplayer;

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatDelegate;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.Window;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;

import com.google.android.exoplayer2.DefaultLoadControl;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.DefaultRenderersFactory;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ExoPlaybackException;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ExoPlayerFactory;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.LoadControl;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.PlaybackParameters;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.Player;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.SimpleExoPlayer;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.Timeline;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.ExtractorMediaSource;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.MediaSource;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.source.TrackGroupArray;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.AdaptiveTrackSelection;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.DefaultTrackSelector;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.TrackSelection;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.TrackSelectionArray;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.trackselection.TrackSelector;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.ui.PlayerView;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.BandwidthMeter;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.DataSource;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.DefaultAllocator;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.DefaultBandwidthMeter;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.upstream.DefaultDataSourceFactory;
import com.google.android.exoplayer2.util.Util;

import butterknife.BindView;
import butterknife.ButterKnife;
import butterknife.OnClick;

public class ExoPlayerActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements Player.EventListener {
    private static final String TAG = "ExoPlayerActivity";

    private static final String KEY_VIDEO_URI = "video_uri";

    @BindView(R.id.videoFullScreenPlayer)
    PlayerView videoFullScreenPlayer;
    @BindView(R.id.spinnerVideoDetails)
    ProgressBar spinnerVideoDetails;
    @BindView(R.id.imageViewExit)
    ImageView imageViewExit;

    String videoUri;
    SimpleExoPlayer player;
    Handler mHandler;
    Runnable mRunnable;

    public static Intent getStartIntent(Context context, String videoUri) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(context, ExoPlayerActivity.class);
        intent.putExtra(KEY_VIDEO_URI, videoUri);
        return intent;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
        this.getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN, WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_exo_player);
        ButterKnife.bind(this);
        AppCompatDelegate.setCompatVectorFromResourcesEnabled(true);
        getSupportActionBar().hide();

        if (getIntent().hasExtra(KEY_VIDEO_URI)) {
            videoUri = getIntent().getStringExtra(KEY_VIDEO_URI);
        }

        setUp();
    }

    private void setUp() {
        initializePlayer();
        if (videoUri == null) {
            return;
        }
        buildMediaSource(Uri.parse(videoUri));
    }

    @OnClick(R.id.imageViewExit)
    public void onViewClicked() {
        finish();
    }

    private void initializePlayer() {
        if (player == null) {
            // 1. Create a default TrackSelector
            LoadControl loadControl = new DefaultLoadControl(
                    new DefaultAllocator(true, 16),
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MIN_BUFFER_DURATION,
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MAX_BUFFER_DURATION,
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MIN_PLAYBACK_START_BUFFER,
                    VideoPlayerConfig.MIN_PLAYBACK_RESUME_BUFFER, -1, true);

            BandwidthMeter bandwidthMeter = new DefaultBandwidthMeter();
            TrackSelection.Factory videoTrackSelectionFactory =
                    new AdaptiveTrackSelection.Factory(bandwidthMeter);
            TrackSelector trackSelector =
                    new DefaultTrackSelector(videoTrackSelectionFactory);
            // 2. Create the player
            player = ExoPlayerFactory.newSimpleInstance(new DefaultRenderersFactory(this), trackSelector, loadControl);
            videoFullScreenPlayer.setPlayer(player);
        }


    }

    private void buildMediaSource(Uri mUri) {
        // Measures bandwidth during playback. Can be null if not required.
        DefaultBandwidthMeter bandwidthMeter = new DefaultBandwidthMeter();
        // Produces DataSource instances through which media data is loaded.
        DataSource.Factory dataSourceFactory = new DefaultDataSourceFactory(this,
                Util.getUserAgent(this, getString(R.string.app_name)), bandwidthMeter);
        // This is the MediaSource representing the media to be played.
        MediaSource videoSource = new ExtractorMediaSource.Factory(dataSourceFactory)
                .createMediaSource(mUri);
        // Prepare the player with the source.
        player.prepare(videoSource);
        player.setPlayWhenReady(true);
        player.addListener(this);
    }

    private void releasePlayer() {
        if (player != null) {
            player.release();
            player = null;
        }
    }

    private void pausePlayer() {
        if (player != null) {
            player.setPlayWhenReady(false);
            player.getPlaybackState();
        }
    }

    private void resumePlayer() {
        if (player != null) {
            player.setPlayWhenReady(true);
            player.getPlaybackState();
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        pausePlayer();
        if (mRunnable != null) {
            mHandler.removeCallbacks(mRunnable);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onRestart() {
        super.onRestart();
        resumePlayer();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        releasePlayer();
    }

    @Override
    public void onTimelineChanged(Timeline timeline, Object manifest, int reason) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onTracksChanged(TrackGroupArray trackGroups, TrackSelectionArray trackSelections) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onLoadingChanged(boolean isLoading) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onPlayerStateChanged(boolean playWhenReady, int playbackState) {
        switch (playbackState) {

            case Player.STATE_BUFFERING:
                spinnerVideoDetails.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                break;
            case Player.STATE_ENDED:
                // Activate the force enable
                break;
            case Player.STATE_IDLE:

                break;
            case Player.STATE_READY:
                spinnerVideoDetails.setVisibility(View.GONE);

                break;
            default:
                // status = PlaybackStatus.IDLE;
                break;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onRepeatModeChanged(int repeatMode) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onShuffleModeEnabledChanged(boolean shuffleModeEnabled) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onPlayerError(ExoPlaybackException error) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onPositionDiscontinuity(int reason) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onPlaybackParametersChanged(PlaybackParameters playbackParameters) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onSeekProcessed() {

    }
}
Download Sample Project- Video Streaming ExoPlayer in Android

 
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